NEW YORK - The ice bucket challenge's phenomenal success is making other charitable organizations rethink how they connect with a younger generation of potential donors.
Since the ALS Association began tracking the campaign's progress on July 29, it has raised more than $53.3 million from 1.1 million new donors in what is one of the most viral philanthropic social media campaigns in history.
Thousands of people, including celebrities like Taylor Swift and Oprah Winfrey, have posted videos of themselves getting buckets of ice water dumped over their heads and challenging others to do the same - or donate money to The ALS Association, which raises money for Lou Gehrig's disease research and assistance.
This Aug. 20 file photo shows a man dressed as Bumble Bee, a character from the Transformers movies, take the 'Ice Bucket Challenge' to raise awareness for the disease ALS in Beijing, China. The phenomenal success of the fundraising craze is making charitable organizations rethink how they connect with a younger generation of potential donors, specifically through social media.
The ice bucket challenge has shown it's OK to be silly for a good cause, says Brian Mittendorf, a professor at the Ohio State University Fisher College of Business, who teaches courses in nonprofit finance.
"Normally the model is to find people who are passionate about a cause and then ask for donations or to educate people and then seek out donations. (The ice bucket challenge is) something that's fun that people can do ... people are taking part in it and then taking the info and donating."
The viral nature of the effort surprised even The ALS Association.
7 celebrity ice bucket challenges
NEW YORK - Dozens of celebrities have helped fuel the success of the ice bucket challenge for ALS. Here are a few examples:
n Rocker Dave Grohl and his band, The Foo Fighters, spoofed the blood dump scene from the horror movie "Carrie."
n Actor James Franco, who seems to enjoy provoking conversation, took his ice bucket challenge wearing only a T-shirt.
n Kermit the Frog, not to be outdone by James Franco, declared he was the first to take the ice bucket challenge in the buff.
n Vogue editor Anna Wintour ditched her steely image to get her hair wet. Well, a little wet, anyway.
n Tom Cruise, who never seems to back down from a challenge, sat through not one but eight buckets of water being dumped on his head.
n Gabrielle Union tried to take the challenge wearing a shower cap to protect her hair, but someone off-camera pulls it off before she gets doused in water.
n Lindsay Lohan reached high when she took the challenge by nominating Prince Harry to join in. So far, no word from the royal.
"This level of unprecedented giving is (something) I don't think this country has seen before outside of a disaster or emergency," said ALS Association spokesperson Carrie Munk. "We had no idea it would get to this point."
Who should get credit for making this a viral sensation depends on whom you ask. Some say it began earlier this month when friends of a 29-year-old Boston man with ALS, a neurodegenerative disease that affects nerve cells in the brain and spinal cord, did a group challenge.
It's also demonstrated that the average Joe or Jane can make waves.
"One of the big take-aways is the power of individuals who are so tightly connected to a cause can really make a difference," Munk said. "I'm pretty sure that if any company or any nonprofit had all of the public relations dollars in the world to come up with a campaign, we never would've seen this kind of success."
Lucretia Gilbert, executive director of The Pink Agenda, which raises money for breast cancer research and awareness, believes it will encourage other nonprofits to get creative on social media.
"It's a very simple thing and that's kind of the beauty of it. Everyone can do this challenge," she said.
Employing technology for fundraising campaigns, of course, isn't a new idea: Perhaps one of the most enduring began in 1966 when the Muscular Dystrophy Association had its first annual Labor Day weekend telethon. Last year, it raised $59.6 million in contributions. Fundraisers have also embraced donating by text message in recent years.
Annoyed, impressed or otherwise, the ice bucket challenge has people talking - and ALS's Munk asserts that even if they don't donate, the campaign has raised public awareness, a major focus of the organization that last year spent 32 percent of its annual budget on public and professional education and 27 percent on research.